Posts Tagged 18th Century

The family of Henry Taaffe Irwin and Catharine Stanley married 1813

Posted by on Monday, 16 May, 2011

I’d like to welcome Donna to the website she is a descendant of the above-named  family and I include an extract from an e-mail she sent to me earlier.

I’m a descendant of Catharine Stanley (1793-1854) daughter of James Stanley and Elizabeth Ireland.  Catharine married Henry Taaffe Irwin in 1813.  The family is listed below:

Henry Taaffe Irwin bc 1890  d1853 married 1813 Catharine Stanley b1793 d1854

Jones Taaffe Irwin b1814 Kilkenny West, Co. Westmeath, Ireland – d1853 Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Elizabeth Irwin, b1815 Kilkenny West, Co. Westmeath, Ireland – d1873 Boston, MA

James S. Irwin, b1820 Kilkenny West, Co. Westmeath, Ireland

Eliza Irwin, bc1821

Hannah Irwin, bc1822

Maria S. Irwin bc1823 – died 1848 Woburn, MA, USA

Magdalene Augusta Irwin, b1824 Congleton, Cheshire, England – d1878 Brooklyn, New York, USA

Kathleen Irwin, b1828 Kilkenny West, Co. Westmeath, Ireland

John Decourcy Irwin, bc1830 Ireland – died 1897 Boston, MA, USA

Catharine Irwin bc1832 England – died 1901 Gloucester, MA USA

Edward Edmund Irwin bc1834 Ireland – died 1852 Boston, MA, USA

Susan S. Irwin, bc1837 County Sligo, Ireland – died 1918 Washington, DC

Children of James and Elizabeth Stanley

Posted by on Thursday, 15 July, 2010

James Stanley (1762-1845) of Bethlehem, Co. Westmeath and Elizabeth Ireland (c1766-1832) were married 06 July 1786. The standard published genealogies disclose only one child – William James Stanley, born 1798. However, as Peter Stanley in his 1998 book The House of Stanley observed “Pedigrees are generally restricted to the issue of elder sons”. In fact, other sources reveal that in the nineteen years between 1788 and 1807, James and Elizabeth had thirteen children, of whom eight survived childhood.

There are three sources to support this:

(i) a C19th manuscript list of all thirteen children, in the possession of a descendant;
(ii) the parish records of Kilkenny West held by the Church of Ireland’s Representative Church Body Library in Dublin; and
(iii) a manuscript pedigree produced by the Office of Arms and held by the National Library of Ireland in Dublin.

C19th manuscript
(i) The C19th manuscript listing all thirteen children with accompanying dates of birth (and death where applicable) appears to have been written by one of the grandchildren of James and Elizabeth.

Kilkenny West parish records
(ii) The C19th century manuscript is corroborated by the parish records of Kilkenny West church, Co Westmeath in terms of the names, dates and order of children – but only so far as the last seven are concerned. The dates of baptism correspond perfectly with the dates of birth in six of the seven cases. The first six children do not appear in the parish’s records so were evidently baptised elsewhere.

Heraldic Pedigree
(iii) The heraldic pedigree (NLI. GO. MS. 8307) which purports to list the children of James and Elizabeth with spouses is (a) incomplete, having neither Elizabeth Ireland’s Christian name, nor any of the infants, nor two of the adults known to have married (b) in the wrong chronological order (c) incorrect in that the Christian name of at least one spouse is known to be wrong (although the surname is correct) and (d) partial – since William James Stanley’s line is full, detailed and presumably accurate, up to 1920, unlike those of everyone else. It does however corroborate the manuscript list (i) in several respects and certainly explodes the idea that William James was an only child.

The complete list of children is therefore as follows:

Magdalene + 1788-1805
James + 1789-1789
Edmond 1790-
Eliza + 1792-92
Catherine 1793-1854
Elizabeth 1795

James + 1797-1797
baptised Kilkenny West 12 Feb 1797 “son of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

William James 1798-1885
baptised Kilkenny West 18 March 1798 “son of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Richard 1799-1864
baptised Kilkenny West 28 Oct 1799 “son of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Susan 1801
baptised Kilkenny West 26 April 1801 “dau of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Anne + 1802-1803
baptised Kilkenny West 29 Sept 1802? “dau of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Arthur 1803-1880
baptised Kilkenny West 10 April 1803 “son of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Magdalen 1807-1885
baptised Kilkenny West 13 June 1807 “dau of James and Elizabeth Stanley”

Obviously, there is still some work to do here.  Did Kilkenny West records only begin c1797?  Was the family based elsewhere between 1788 and 1797?  (Not at St Werburgh’s, Dublin).  Are there any nearby parishes, perhaps closer to Low Park, that might be likely candidates?

C18th Stanley Marriages

Posted by on Thursday, 15 July, 2010

According to the manuscript ‘Pedigree of Stanley of Dublin…etc’ (NLI  GO  MS 176) in the NLI, Dublin, the marriages of James and Elizabeth Stanley’s children were as follows:

+ Edmond = Jane Talbot of Castle Talbot.  Licence dated ?4th August 1786.

+ James = Elizabeth Ireland

+ Catherine =  (1) Brinsley Hewetson, Esq. “Major in the Army”; (2) Christopher Clarke of Twickenham House, King’s Co.

+ Susanna = De Courcy Ireland, married 1774.  Licence dated 02 July 1774.

+ Elizabeth = (1) John Irwin, (2) Richard Ireland

+ Rebecca = James ?Coultry, Esq, RN

There was no sign of either Jane (1759) or Jane (sic) (1764).

St Werburgh’s Church, Dublin: further Stanleys

Posted by on Saturday, 8 May, 2010

In searching St Werburgh’s Parish records recently, there were further Stanleys not known (by me) to be connected. They may, however, be blood relations, and mean something to somebody else, I just don’t know. They are as follows:

1746 26th October
Edwin, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1747 15th December
Edward, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1748 26th December
George, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1749 10th December
Arthur, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1751 8th December
Mary, daughter of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1753 18th March
Edwin, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1754 14th April
Elizabeth, daughter of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1755 13th April
James, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1756 14th March
Jane, daughter of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1757 6th March
James, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1758 28th March
Andrew, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1759 22nd April
Thomas, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1760 13th August
Anne, daughter of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1761 9th August
George, son of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

1763 17th April
Mary, daughter of Edward and Bridget Stanley, Castle Street

An alarming fiteen births within sixteen years.

* * *

Also:

1760 31st August
John, son of Edward and Marget (sic) Stanley, Bride Street

The Christening registers were searched over the period January 1724/5 to December 1800 so together with my earlier post detailing the children of James Stanley and Elizabeth Ireland, these wld seem to comprise all the Stanleys in this parish over that period.

Marriages

Having searched the marriage registers between 1704 and 1760, I found only the following:

1756,  May, Edward ?Staley (sic) and Elizabeth Geach. prs(?) Consistory Licence by the Revd, Dan Dickinson

St Werburgh’s Church, Dublin and Hoey’s Court

Posted by on Tuesday, 4 May, 2010

Some background on the location of the Stanleys’ Dublin home and parish church:

St Werburgh’s was a church of Norman foundation, and in the seventeenth century it had been the burial place of many important Anglo-Irish families. There was a churchyard next to the church used for hundreds of years and beneath the church are twenty-seven vaults. Before the Castle Chapel was rebuilt it was “one of the most fashionable [churches] in Dublin; it was regularly attended by the Lord Lieutenant and his suite, and was always densely thronged”. (J. T. Gilbert. History of Dublin. 1854). A son of the Viceroy, Viscount Townsend, born at nearby Dublin Castle, was baptised in the church in December 1768 and the Latouche family, owners of Dublin’s greatest (Huguenot) bank, lived in the parish, in Castle Street. John Field, composer and pianist was also baptised in the church in 1782 and Handel played there. Lord Edward Fitzgerald, commander-in-chief of the United Irishman who died in the 1798 Rising was buried in the vaults of the church in June 1798.

It was (re)built in its present form following a devastating fire in 1754 and reopened in 1759. Sir Philip Hoby, Bart, Rector between 1748 and 1766 who baptised the children of James and Jane Stanley bequeathed funds to erect a steeple. This was 160 feet in height, terminating with gilt ball and weather vane, which formed one of the chief ornaments of Dublin, until allegedly found to be in a dangerous condition and removed in 1810. The church tower was likewise taken down in 1836, so what remains of the church today is sadly reduced from its days of glory.  See St Werburgh’s Church, 2010, exterior .

Like the most ancient streets of the majority of Irish cities, Werburgh Street, and the adjoining Hoey’s Court were found within the immediate vicinity of the castle. “The buildings forming “Hoey’s-court” were erected in the 17th century, apparently by Sir John Hoey, founder of the family of Hoey of Dunganstown, county of Wicklow… Jonathan Swift was born, on the 30th of November, 1667, at the house of his uncle, Counsellor Godwin Swift, No. 9 in this court, which at that period was inhabited by some of the chief lawyers of Dublin. Robert Marshall, third Sergeant of the Exchequer, who resided here from 1738 to 1741, was the friend of Swift’s “Vanessa”. … The Guild of Glovers and the Corporation of Brewers had their public halls till late in the last century in Hoey’s-court, where William Ruxton, Surgeon-General, resided till his death in 1783, and on the north side of which stood Eade’s tavern, closed about 1813.” (Gilbert).

The ‘Goldsmiths Hall’ and office of the Dublin Assay Master was held until the late eighteenth century in the house nearly opposite Hoey’s Court. Round the corner, in a lane just off Werburgh’s Street, the Phoenix tavern, was “one of the most fashionable and most frequented houses of its time in Dublin” in the mid eighteenth century…. In ‘Cole’s-alley’ the passage from Hoey’s-court to Castle-street, was the Royal Chop-House,” a tavern much frequented for billiards about 1768.” (Gilbert)

On the western side of the street stood Darby Square, a small court almost opposite from the entrance to Hoey’s Court where, during the early part of the eighteenth century, many eminent lawyers resided, and in which were situated the Examiner’s Court of Chancery, and the office of the Masters in Chancery. The Solicitor-General, John Bowes, lived in Werburgh Street from 1730 to 1772.  James Stanley, of course, was an ‘attorney’, the term used for lawyers who practised in the common law courts, rather than appearing as advocates in the higher courts, a role reserved (as it still generally is) for barristers. (A century later, attorneys were redesignated as solicitors).

See Central Dublin, mid C18th.  Hoey’s Court is in the bottom left hand corner, immediately to the west of Dublin Castle.  The building immediately to its north is St Werburg’s Church.

Apologies if all a bit surplus to requirements.

Stanleys of Dublin and Low Park Christening Records

Posted by on Monday, 3 May, 2010

The family of James Stanley (1727-65) and Jane Kelly of Low Park, nr Athlone, Co Westmeath, have variously been listed as Edmond (later Sir) Stanley; Edmond and James (later of Bethlehem); and Edmond and James togther with two daughters both of whom married members of the Ireland family.

Having now consulted the original records of St Werburgh’s church, Dublin held by the RCB Library in Braemar Park, Dublin over the period January 1724/5 to December 1800, the full story is as follows:

Anno Domini 1753
1753 14th December
Elizabeth-Maria, daughter of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

1755 3rd March
Catherine, daughter of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

1757 11th December
Susanna, daughter of James and Jane Stanley.
Hoey’s Court

1759 25th November
Jane, daughter of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

1760 7th December
Edmond (sic), son of James and Jane Stanley
Hoey’s Court

1762 21st September
James, son of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

1764 19th February
Jane, daughter of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

1765 2nd May
Rebecca, daughter of James and Jane Stanley,
Hoey’s Court

All were christened by the Rector, Sir Philip Hoby, Bart.

James Stanley was an ‘attorney’, the term used for lawyers who practised in the common law courts, rather than appearing as advocates in the higher courts, a role reserved (as it still generally is) for barristers. (In 1873 attorneys were redesignated as solicitors).

Sir Edmond Stanley, 1761-1843

Posted by on Monday, 8 February, 2010

Sir Edmond was baptized 1761.  Died April 1843, aged 82 years at Richmond, Surrey.   Member of Parliament for Ireland & Chief Justice of Madras in India. He was the son of James of Low Park, Roscommon & Jane, daughter of Edmond Kelly of Mt. Gray.  His estates & residence at Sackville St. Dublin & Richmond.

Edmond qualified as a Barrister & in 1786 married Jane, daughter of Rev. John Talbot.  However she spent most of her youth with her grandmother at Mt. Talbot, Roscommon.  Mt. Talbot was still standing in 1974 but without a roof. The Church at the gate was locked & the church yard with Talbot graves was derelict.

In 1798 Edmond was under a special commission to Cork to preside at the trials there & received the thanks of the country of the Gov. for his conduct on that occasion. At Madras he introduced many useful reforms into the Registrars Office & in 1820 was promoted to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Edmond’s successful career in the Irish Parliament came to an end with the Union of Ireland with England & the resulting end of home rule. He sold Low Park & bought property at Roscrowther in Pembroke which included a coal mine. They went to live in London where he would seek another job. It was in 1807 that he received an appointment to the East India Company.  He rose to the post of Chief Justice of Madras & retired in 1825 at the age of 64.

Edmond & Lucy had only one child, Mary Ann, born in 1801.  There is much more to his life story but too long to continue.

Further information on their daughter Mary Ann Stanley can be found at: http://www.thebrassbuddha.net/stanley/?p=415″

Edward Stanley of Athlone

Posted by on Monday, 8 February, 2010

Searching for an Edward Stanley, birth u/k, residing at Athlone.  Wife is Eliz. Adamson.  Was town bailiff  in 1787.  Two daughters Margaret & Catherine.  Also an unnamed child baptized at St. Mary’s C of I in 1786.

Marilyn

The Ouzel Galley Society 1705-1888

Posted by on Sunday, 7 February, 2010

The Ouzel Galley Society had its origins in a dramatic incident in Irish shipping history. The Ouzel, a trader ship was sent in 1695 to the coasts of Smyrna and the Levant by the firm of Ferris, Twigg and Cash. The ship had an Irish crew and was captained by Captain Eoghan Massey.

When the ship failed to return and three years had passed without any word, it was presumed lost and the owners claimed and were paid the insurance money. Some time later the ship returned with tales of being boarded by Moorish seamen in the Bay of Biscay and then falling into the hands of Algerian pirates who used her in their trade. The Irish crew were kept aboard ship and eventually managed to escape with the ship and the spoils, which greatly exceeded the value of the original cargo.

The merchants, Ferris, Twigg and Cash claimed the new cargo and offered to refund the insurance. The insurers disagreed and the matter was brought to the Courts was settled by arbitration by a committee of merchants. The arbitration was successful and met with such approval that the committee formed itself into the Ouzel Galley Society in 1705, with the aim of arbitrating in all disputes referred to them relating to trade and commerce. Fees were charged, and these were used to provide benefits for ‘decayed’ merchants.

The Society was a success but over time became more of a social club than an arbitrator, in 1869 important matters were still being dealt with by the society. However in 1888 with the growing complexities of commercial law the Society was voluntarily wound up by the Order of the Court of Chancery, and its assets were distributed among charitable associations.

F.G. Hall, ‘The Bank of Ireland 1783-1946‘
Dublin: Hodges, Figgis & Co Ltd, 1949, pages 478 & 479.

Arthur Stanley, Director and Governor of the Bank of Ireland (1786-1808)

Posted by on Saturday, 6 February, 2010

Arthur Stanley was one of the original subscribers to the capital of the Bank of Ireland in 1783-1784, subscribing £2,000.

He was a director of the bank in the years 1786, 1788, 1790, 1792, 1794 and 1796-1807. He then became governor of the bank from 1807-1808. He was a member of the firm of Arthur Stanley & Co, formerly Westlake & Stanley, drug merchants of 4 Bride Street, successors of Patrick Bride. The Stanleys, originally Hanleys, came from farming stock in Westmeath.

F.G. Hall, ‘The Bank of Ireland 1783-1946
Dublin: Hodges, Figgis & Co Ltd, 1949, pages 505 & 509.

Further information on Arthur can be found at: http://www.thebrassbuddha.net/stanley/?p=218″
Some information on Arthur Stanley’s son Edward can be found at: http://www.thebrassbuddha.net/stanley/?p=330″